oncology

Oncology

The term oncology is a branch of medicine that specializes in tumours and cancer. Millions of people all around the globe are living with this incurable disease, however thanks to recent technological advances through science and research there is now a variety of treatments that can diagnose and prevent cancer. Common forms of cancer include breast, lung, skin, prostate, leukaemia, kidney, bladder and cervix.

Radiation Therapy/ Chemotherapy/ Immunotherapy/ Targeted Therapy/ Hormone Therapy/ Stem Cell Transplant/ Precision Medicine/ Biological Therapy/ Bone Marrow/ Stem Cell Therapy

Oncology is the study of cancer. An oncologist is a doctor who treats cancer and provides medical care for a person diagnosed with cancer. The field of oncology has three major areas: medical, surgical, and radiation.

  • A medical oncologist treats cancer using chemotherapy or other medications, such as targeted therapy or immunotherapy.
  • A surgical oncologist removes a tumour and nearby tissue during surgery. He or she also performs certain types of biopsies to help diagnose cancer.
  • A radiation oncologist treats cancer using radiation therapy.

Other types of oncologists include:

  • A gynaecologic oncologist treats gynaecologic cancers, such as uterine, ovarian, and cervical cancers.
  • A paediatric oncologist treats cancer in children. Some types of cancer occur most often in children and teenagers. This includes certain brain tumours, leukaemia, osteosarcoma, and Ewing’s sarcoma. Types of cancer more common in children sometimes also occur in adults. In these situations, an adult may decide to work with a paediatric oncologist.
  • Haematologist-oncologist diagnoses and treats blood cancers, such as leukaemia, lymphoma, and myeloma.

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